Local Government Code of the Philippines, Devolving Certain Functions to LGUS, including the Enforcement of Laws on Cleanliness and Sanitation, and Preparation of thier Respective Solid Waste Management Programs

LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES, DEVOLVING CERTAIN
FUNCTIONS TO LGUS, INCLUDING THE ENFORCEMENT OF LAWS ON
CLEANLINESS AND SANITATION, AND PREPARATION OF THEIR RESPECTIVE
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS.

 

CHAPTER 2
General Power and Attributes of Local Government Units

 

Section 17. Basic Services and Facilities. -

(b) Such basic services and facilities include, but are not limited to, the following:

(1) For a Barangay:

(iii) Services and facilities related to general hygiene and sanitation,
beautification, and solid waste collection;

(3) For a Province:

(iii) Pursuant to national policies and subject to supervision, control and
review of the DENR, enforcement of forestry laws limited to
community-based forestry projects, pollution control law, small-scale
mining law, and other laws on the protection of the environment; and
mini-hydro electric projects for local purposes;Lawcenter.ph

CHAPTER 3
Intergovernmental Relations

 

Article I

National Government and Local Government Units

 

Section 26. Duty of National Government Agencies in the Maintenance of
Ecological Balance. – It shall be the duty of every national agency or governmentowned
or controlled corporation authorizing or involved in the planning and
implementation of any project or program that may cause pollution, climatic change,
depletion of non-renewable resources, loss of cropland, rangeland, or forest cover,
and extinction of animal or plant species, to consult with the local government units,
nongovernmental organizations, and other sectors concerned and explain the goals
and objectives of the project or program, its impact upon the people and the
community in terms of environmental or ecological balance, and the measures that
will be undertaken to prevent or minimize the adverse effects thereof.Lawcenter.ph

 
LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNITS
 

 

TITLE I
THE BARANGAY
 

 

CHAPTER 3
The Punong Barangay

 

Section 389. Chief Executive: Powers, Duties, and Functions. -

(b) For efficient, effective and economical governance, the purpose of which is
the general welfare of the barangay and its inhabitants pursuant to Section 16
of this Code, the punong barangay shall:

(9) Enforce laws and regulations relating to pollution control and protection of the
environment;Lawcenter.ph

TITLE II
THE MUNICIPALITY
 

 

CHAPTER 3
Officials and Officer Common to Old Municipalities
 

 

ARTICLE III
The Sangguniang Bayan

Section 447Powers, Duties, Functions and Compensation.

(a) The sangguniang bayan, as the legislative body of the municipality, shall
enact ordinances, approve resolutions and appropriate funds for the general
welfare of the municipality and its inhabitants pursuant to Section 16 of this
Code and in the proper exercise of the corporate powers of the municipality
as provided for under Section 22 of this Code, and shall:

(1) Approve ordinances and pass resolutions necessary for an efficient and
effective municipal government, and in this connection shall:

(vi) Protect the environment and impose appropriate penalties for acts
which endanger the environments, such as dynamite fishing and other
forms of destructive fishing, illegal logging and smuggling of logs,
smuggling of natural resources products and of endangered species
of flora and fauna, slash-and-burn farming, and such other activities
which result in pollution, acceleration of eutrophication of rivers and
lakes or of ecological imbalance;

(5) Approve ordinances which shall ensure the efficient and effective delivery of
the basic services and facilities as provided for under Section 17 of this Code,
and in addition to said services and facilities, shall:

(xiii) Provide for an efficient and effective system of solid waste and
garbage collection and disposal and prohibit littering and the placing
or throwing of garbage, refuse and other filth and wastes;

 

TITLE III
THE CITY
 

 

CHAPTER II
City Officials in General

 

Section 454Officials of the City Government. -

(b) In addition thereto, the city mayor may appoint a city architect, a city
information officer, a city agriculturist, a city population officer, a city
environment and natural resources officer, and a city cooperatives officer.

The appointment of a city population officer shall be optional in the city:
Provided, however, That cities which have existing population offices shall
continue to maintain such offices for a period of five (5) years from the date of
the effectivity of this Code, after which said offices shall become optional.Lawcenter.ph

 

CHAPTER 3
Officials and Offices Common to all Cities
 

 

Article III
The Sangguniang Panlungsod

 

Section 458. Powers, Duties, Functions and Compensation. -

(a) The sangguniang panlungsod, as the legislative body of the city, shall enact
ordinances, approve resolutions and appropriate funds for the general welfare
of the city and its inhabitants pursuant to Section 16 of this Code and in the
proper exercise of the corporate powers of the city as provided for under
Section 22 of this Code, and shall:

(1) Approve ordinances and pass resolutions necessary for an efficient and
effective city government, and in this connection, shall:

(vi) Protect the environment and impose appropriate penalties for acts
which endanger the environment, such as dynamite fishing and other forms of
destructive fishing, illegal logging and smuggling of logs, smuggling of natural
resources products and of endangered species of flora and fauna, slash-andburn
farming, and such other activities which result in pollution, acceleration
of eutrophication of rivers and lakes or of ecological imbalance;

(4) Regulate activities relative to the use of land, buildings and structures within
the city in order to promote the general welfare and for said purpose shall:

(iii) Regulate the disposal of clinical and other wastes from hospitals,
clinics and other similar establishments;

(5) Approve ordinances which shall ensure the efficient and effective delivery of
the basic services and facilities as provided for under Section 17 of this Code,
and in addition to said services and facilities, shall:

(xiii) Provide for an efficient and effective system of solid waste and
garbage collection and disposal and prohibit littering and the placing
or throwing of garbage, refuse and other filth and wastes;Lawcenter.ph

 

TITLE IV
THE PROVINCE
 

 

CHAPTER II
Provincial Officials in General

 

Section 463. Officials of the Provincial Government.

(b) In addition thereto, the governor may appoint a provincial population officer, a
provincial natural resources and environment officer, a provincial cooperative
officer, a provincial architect, and a provincial information officer.

The appointment of a provincial population officer shall be optional in the
province: Provided, however, That provinces which have existing population
offices shall continue to maintain such offices for a period of five (5) years
from the date of the effectivity of this Code, after which said offices shall
become optional.Lawcenter.ph

 

CHAPTER III
Officials and Offices Common to All Provinces
 

 

ARTICLE III
The Sangguniang Panlalawigan

 

Section 468. Powers, Duties, Functions and Compensation. -

(a) The Sangguniang panlalawigan, as the legislative body of the province, shall
enact ordinances, approve resolutions and appropriate funds for the general
welfare of the province and its inhabitants pursuant to Section 16 of this Code
and in the proper exercise of the corporate powers of the province as
provided for under Section 22 of this Code, and shall:

(1) Approve ordinances and pass resolution necessary for an efficient and
effective provincial government and, in this connection, shall:

(vi) Protect the environment and impose appropriate penalties for acts
which endanger the environment, such as dynamite fishing and other
forms of destructive fishing, illegal logging and smuggling of logs,
smuggling of natural resources products and of endangered species
of flora and fauna, slash-and-burn farming, and such other activities
which result in pollution, acceleration of eutrophication of rivers and
lakes or of ecological imbalance;Lawcenter.ph

(4) Approve ordinances which shall ensure the efficient and effective delivery of
the basic services and facilities as provided for under Section 17 of this
Code, and, in addition to said services and facilities, shall:

(i) Adopt measures and safeguards against pollution and for the
preservation of the natural ecosystem in the province, in consonance
with approved standards on human settlements and environmental
sanitation;

Section 535. Separability Clause. – If, for any reason or reasons, any part or
provisions of this Code shall be held to be unconstitutional or invalid, other parts or
provisions hereof which are not affected thereby shall continue to be in full force and
effect.

Section 536. Effectivity Clause. – This Code shall take effect on January first,
nineteen hundred ninety-two, unless otherwise provided herein, after its complete
publication in at least one (1) newspaper of general circulation.Lawcenter.ph

Approved,

(Sgd.) RAMON V. MITRA                        (Sgd.) JOVITO R. SALONGA
Speaker                                     President of the Senate
House of Representatives

This bill which was a consolidation of Senate Bill No. 155 and House Bill No.
31046 was finally passed by the Senate and the House of Representatives on
September 10, 1991 and September 12, 1991, respectively.

 

(Sgd.) CAMILO L. SABIO                                  (Sgd.) EMAREE J.B. RAVAL
Secretary General                                     Acting Secretary of the Senate
House of Representatives

 

Approved:

 

(Sgd.) CORAZON C. AQUINO
President of the Philippines